Cervical disc replacement
Another surgical method that surgeons choose is to treat cervical pathology. Surgery is beneficial when it comes to relieving neck and spine pain caused by nerve root or spinal cord compression. The procedure begins with the patient being anesthetized, followed by an incision in the front of the neck. Remove bone spurs, disc fragments that put pressure on nerve roots or spinal cord to relieve pain for the patient before surgery. Image tracking helps the surgeon fill the disc space with an artificial shape of the disc to relieve pressure on surrounding nerves. The spinal disc mechanism is no less a wonder that we are born with, restoring it with an artificial disc is no less a challenge. Efforts and attempts to restore natural biomechanics in artificial discs. However, reconstructing biomechanics that behave like a natural spinal disc poses many challenges, and there are always long-standing disc style, shape, and size challenges. There is a wide range of artificial disc designs based on the materials of metal-metal discs, metal-polymer composites, ceramic-polymer composites, based on constrained, semi-restricted, unbounded moving disc shapes. Unregulated devices have the disadvantage of increased loads on adjacent joints. Fixed devices reduce the load on joints and they have a fixed axis of rotation. Ceramic materials have many advantages. Neurosurgeons have many options when it comes to disc design, although the effectiveness of one over the other remains unresolved.