Osteoporosis is a bone disease. It occurs when bones of the body become weak on one side, and also starts losing the bone as well, there is marked deficiency in the ability of the body to make bone. As a result, the bones become brittle fragile to the extent that they can break, fracture at sneezing, or cough. The microscopic view of the bone structure deeply affected by Osteoporosis helps in understanding the damage it does to the bone structure of the human body. The healthy bone structure of the human body looks like a honeycomb tight, intact and, healthy contrary to it, the bone structure influenced with Osteoporosis shows large holes, pores between bones, that are loosely packed, and fragile enough to break at a jolt or tremble. The problem is more common the old age group. One should take guidance from the doctor about bone mass, density, and structure to avoid the severe consequences of suffering from Osteoporosis. Target areas of bone breaking and fracture are hip, spine, and wrist other, bones are at equal risk. If it modifies the vertebrate in the spine, it can lead to a shortening of height and lead to stoop or hunch. Osteoporosis is a silent disease that gives very few symptoms and keeps on progressing with time. It becomes prominent in the last stage, seriously affecting the health of the patient. It is advisable to consult an orthopedician and doctor from time to time for better information and to monitor bone health.